Hydrocarbon Sector Skill Council:
Hydrocarbon Sector Skill Council (HSSC) has been setup on April 26, 2016 under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoPNG), as per the guidelines of National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), with the main objective for skill development and training need of the manpower in Oil & Gas sector.
The Oil and Natural Gas sector is amongst the 8 core industries driving economic growth in India and plays a crucial role in country’s economic growth. The industry is broadly divided into following different segments which refers to different points in the process of exploring and extracting, collecting and processing and ultimately distributing the oil and natural gas for use.
Energy statistics for the year 2016, published by Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, state that from year 2005 to 2015, gross availability, defined as sum of total production & imports, of crude oil has nearly doubled from 131.6 million tonnes to 226.89 million tonnes, during the same period, consumption of crude oil has increased steadily from 130.11 million metric tonnes to 223.24 million metric tonnes. For natural gas, gross availability has increased by about 34% to 49.13 billion cubic meter in 2015 from 36.39 billion cubic meter in 2005.
India’s requirement of oil & gas is much higher than reserves hence the requirement gap is fulfilled via import of crude oil and natural gas which is then distilled/refined at refineries and distributed. During the distillation process, products other than petroleum & diesel are also obtained which are utilized within the country and also exported making India a net exporter of Petroleum products.
Oil & Gas is one of the major factor that effects the growth and prosperity of a country. the sector is of strategic importance and hence is governed by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MoPNG), Government of India, which deals with areas related to oil and gas in/for India viz exploration & exploitation, production, distribution, marketing & pricing etc.
The budgetary allocations made to MoPNG for various purposes is as shown in the below graph.
The industry is broadly divided into following different segments which refers to various points in the process of exploring and extracting, collecting and processing and ultimately distributing the oil and natural gas for use.
- Upstream: Includes activities pertaining to exploration, recovery and production of Oil & Natural Gas
- Midstream: Includes activities pertaining to processing, storing, marketing and transportation of commodities such as crude oil, natural gas, natural gas liquids (liquefied natural gas such as ethane, propane and butane)
- Downstream: Includes activities pertaining to the refining and processing of crude oil, selling and distribution of natural gas & products derived from crude oil